There are many steps involved in IVF. In order to decide if IVF is the treatment method that is best for you, you must first understand all of the IVF processes and how they will affect you.
IVF processes are not foolproof and result in a high number of failures. Many couples may have false hopes and be bitterly disappointed when something goes wrong along the way. Understanding up front that a lot of couples have to go through IVF processes many times before they are successful is important. There are those who never find success and others who do. It is, for sure, a gamble.
The male must give a sperm sample and the female’s fallopian tubes are checked using laparoscopy. These steps are taken to rule out reasons for infertility and to select the best treatment method.
If you are object to using drugs, IVF is not for you. Follicle simulating drugs are used to stimulate the female to produce more eggs than normal. Shots of this drug must be administered for two weeks in the abdomen. It is hoped that the shots will produce at least ten healthy eggs that can be used for fertilization.
X-Rays and Ultrasounds
IVF processes involve and number of x-rays and ultrasounds. These tests are done as assessment and also to monitor progress.
Although harvesting the eggs is considered minor surgery, it is still surgery and carries with it the risk of surgery. Females are generally very sore after the procedure and must take some time to rest.
Cost Artificial insemination is not cheap and is generally used as a last chance option for many couples seeking to have a baby. Each of the IVF processes costs money and adds up to be quite expensive, especially if they have to be repeated. Costs also include the fertility drugs. Costs can range from $12,000 to over $60,000 depending on how complicated a case is.
For many couples, the pain, anxiety and ensuing costs associated with IVF processes are worth it for a chance to have a baby. Others only try once and decide on other options such as adoption or remaining childless.
You don’t have to take that route. Having a baby is possible, so I highly recommend you read this book.
The IVF process is one of the most effective and sure ways of getting pregnant. It is also available for everyone even women who want to become single mothers. There are several ways in which one can get pregnant once they decide they are ready to get a baby. The truth is getting pregnant is not an open and shut case and sometimes it can take a very long time. It can also prove entirely impossible to get pregnant using the natural means because of other factors such as poor health and infertility. Bad timing can also contribute to the difficulty in getting pregnant. As such getting someone to simplify these complications for you is a very good offer. This is because there is a measure of surety that it has worked and the baby gets monitored since day one. You also get to make choice about the genetic makeup of your child. In the past people went for the IVF procedure as a last resort but now more and more couples are opting for the IVF process as it is hassle free and safe. It is also very effective and non-complicated.
There are several reasons why trying to get pregnant may pose a very serious problem. One of these is common infertility problems. Infections such as pelvic inflammatory disease may cause adhesion and blocking of the ovarian tubes. This does not mean that the woman is entirely infertile and cannot give birth to a baby. If there was external fertilization and the fertilized egg is implanted into her ovary she will easily carry the pregnancy to term and give birth to a very normal baby. Getting to know which options can work for you is very good and so one is encouraged to talk with their doctor about their desire to get pregnant. This is because only a qualified physician can inform someone of the issues surrounding their failure to conceive and how they can handle them. Reading a million and one book on how to get pregnant may not help as each book has conflicting advice from the rest and if one tries them all out and fails it may breed a feeling of hopelessness and frustration. Seeing a good doctor and especially a gynecologist is the first step to knowing how to get pregnant.
The IVF procedure is relatively easy and is not painful. All one needs to do is to get a sperm donor and have their sperms extracted by a doctor. These are then inserted into the birth canal of the woman where they travel upwards to meet the ovum which must be ready for fertilization. This means the timing must be right as it must coincide with ovulation. In case the woman’s ducts are blocked, she may also go for test tube fertilization whereby the egg is fertilized by the sperm outside the body and then they are implanted on to the uterus wall. The advantage of this process is that it helps the doctor to monitor the fertilization process and to ensure optimum good environment for this to happen. The IVF process is relatively secure and hygienic and one does not have to worry about contacting infections. It is convenient both for the people considering having children and they are barren or for healthy people who just want to ensure their baby is well conceived. Trying to get pregnant with no results can be very frustrating and the first step towards getting out of this situation is keeping an open mind. Considering IVF is not very easy especially for married couples, but it may be the only solution.
How to prepare for the IVF procedure
Not all IVF procedures are successful and a few success tips will not do you any harm. The body needs to be prepared for the process to ensure it responds favorably. This is because although the fertilization is sure, implantation is still a natural process so much influenced by the woman’s body and the uterus environment. Of course, the first step towards preparation is a healthy balanced diet. This should be as natural as possible. This is not the time to go for low fat milks and other slimming stuff. Remember the body needs all these nutrients and your baby definitely does not need to slim. Also ensure you take plenty of water to keep the body as pure as possible. Nutrient supplementation is also a must. Some nutrients are crucial during pregnancy and whether you take them or not may be the determinant whether your baby comes out normal or not. These are calcium, iron and folate. The tablets are widely available and relatively cheap. One needs a good store up of these nutrients to ensure a safe and healthy pregnancy and safe delivery.
The IVF process is very safe and convenient no matter how someone sees it. This is because one gets to decide the health status of their baby before they are even conceived. This is mainly by the elaborate preparations one makes in order to get ready for the arrival of the embryo. A baby is a bundle of joy and its arrival should be very well prepared for. It should also be made to grow in a very safe environment especially when it is in the womb. As a matter of fact one should prepare a few months before conceiving if at all they have planned the conception of the baby in detail. Also prepare physically by ensuring you maintain a healthy weight that is ideal for your height. Do not engage in very strenuous exercises and instead, go for slow to moderate exercises such as yoga and walking. Also avoid extreme conditions such as taking superhot baths and going for spa treatments as they may make implantation of the embryo practically impossible. Generally the idea is to rest well and not overstrain the body as this could have undesirable effects. It is also good to be open-minded and not give up on first try.
Since you are here, means that you have problems of getting pregnant naturally and you do not know what is IVF. In this article, I will try to explain you what is IVF and will tell you some of the important information related to IVF.
It is the fact that all the religions of the world, as well as common sense require that a person leaved an offspring. Therefore, for most people, infertility is regarded as a big problem. Moreover, although in half of the cases, the lack of children in the family depends on the man’s diseases and women are more worried about this situation.
Diagnosis and treatment of infertility are improving all the time. This is due to new medical scientific research and improvement of technical equipment for the implementation of certain interventions. The latest development in this area is IVF. So, what is IVF? IVF or in vitro fertilization, it is a modern, new approach to the treatment of various forms of infertility. If infertility treatment is aimed at individual diseases, which do not allow a woman to become pregnant (e.g., obstruction of tubes, endometriosis, male infertility, etc.), the IVF can overcome these difficulties, without conducting long-term treatment.
In this is the fundamental difference of IVF. Judge for yourself: the treatment of endometriosis may take 5-10 years, and overcome with the help of IVF – 2 months. Treatment of inflammation of the appendages – 2-3 years, and the chances of pregnancy will make in the end, no more than 12-14%, and overcome with the help of IVF – 1 month, and the chances of conceiving are greatest among all other forms of infertility – 40-45 %.
It is the fact that IVF allows you to bypass the obstacles in the way of conception, which puts a particular disease, but does not deal with treatment.
The effectiveness of IVF depends primarily on the condition of women, and those reasons do not allow her to get pregnant on their own. The average percentage of conception in all patients is 30-35%, but, for example, if the only problem is blockage of pipes, then the probability of pregnancy increases to 40-45% and, for example, endometriosis, and the absence of one ovary – is reduced to 10%. Therefore, to make predictions must be strictly individual.
In addition to what is IVF and from what steps does it consist?
1. Stimulation of super ovulation.
2. Intake of eggs.
3. Fertilization of eggs “in vitro”.
4. Growing embryos to 2-5-day stage.
5. The transfer of embryos into the uterus.
6. Support for early pregnancy.
1. IVF program begins with 2 days of menstruation, when a woman starts to get hormones to stimulate the ovaries. Under the influence of these hormones in the ovaries grow more than one or two eggs, as usual, and 8-10, and even more. This is necessary to increase the chances of conceiving. The first stage lasts 12-14 days, and every 3-5 days, the patient performed ultrasound for the assessment of the ovaries and uterus. Because of ultrasound doctor may change the quantity of drugs.
2. When the ultrasound is clear that the follicles (which contain the eggs and grow) are ripe, the patient carried a puncture. To do this, under general anesthesia a fine needle puncture the wall of the vagina under ultrasound and extract the contents of each follicle with the egg. The operation lasts 2-4 minutes, is painless. After surgery, the woman is in a recovery room 2-4 hours, and then goes home.
3. Each resulting egg embryologists treated and placed in a test tube with nutrient solution. Here they are fertilized with sperm of her husband, which he passes on the same day. Then, all tubes are placed in an incubator, where at a certain temperature eggs begin to multiply. Every day embryos the embryologist examines the changes the solution, etc.
4. When, according to certain indicators, the embryos reach the necessary stage of development, of which selects two of the best, and transferred into the uterus the patient.
5. The transfer of embryos into the uterus – a painless procedure, done without anesthesia, takes about half a minute, a minute. The woman then 1-2 hours resting in the recovery room and goes home.
6. Based on the general state of health and hormonal analyzes made before the transfer, the physician-patient reproductive system assigns certain hormones that support pregnancy. Your doctor may change the dose of medication, according to interim data hormonal assays and ultrasound.
2 weeks after embryo transfer carried out a blood test for HCG – the pregnancy hormone. According to his results, it is clear there is a pregnancy. In the case of positive support continues until about 10-12 weeks. If pregnancy has not occurred, then the support of the repeal and re-discuss the issue of the program.
According to many studies, now after IVF in 50% of cases occurs multiple pregnancy.
What is IVF and benefits of it?
Compared with the various new methods of artificial insemination, IVF is practiced for a long time to be able to draw conclusions about the health of children conceived in this way. Studies show that, in most cases, children conceived through IVF, there are not any health problems.
IVF allows women with tubal disease – obstruction, damaged or missing pipe – a chance to have a baby. (In a healthy body of the egg enters the fallopian tube from the ovary to the uterus).
What are the chances of success?
The result may be different – depending on what exactly you have a problem, and most importantly – depending on your age. The younger you are, the healthier your eggs are and the greater are your chances of success. For women younger than 30 years, the chances of successful IVF are one to four, and for women over 40 -one to ten.
If you have already been pregnant or if you already have a child, your chances of success are also increasing.
Women with normal weight (body mass index (BMI) between 19 and 30) also have a greater chance of success with IVF. If you are overweight, you can increase your chances by dropping those extra pounds before starting treatment.
What is IVF success rate? Overall, the average success rate of IVF is 20%. This means your chances of having a healthy child because of each cycle of IVF. Experts believe that after three unsuccessful IVF attempts unlikely to succeed.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process where the sperm fertilizes the egg outside the body, ivf success rates are determined by the percentage of all successful IVF procedures. Success rates are much better today than they were when the procedure began due to the advancement of reproductive technology.
In vitro is a Latin word that means in glass the term came into use because biological experiments that involved tissue cultivation were done in glass containers like petri dishes, beakers and test tubes. In vitro is today used in reference to biological procedures that take place out of the organism it is supposed to take place in while in vivo refers to when it takes place inside the organism. The term test tube babies that is used to refer to babies that are conceived through IVF refers to a tube like container that are commonly used in labs known as test tubes in vitro fertilization however happens in shallower containers known as petri dishes.
In vitro fertilization is used mainly in cases of infertility in women who have a problem with their fallopian tubes making natural fertilization impossible and men whose sperms have a defect and are unable to fertilize the egg IVF is also used in cases where the woman carrying the pregnancy is not the provider of the egg (surrogacy) and in cases of egg donation. Due to its cost IVF is mostly attempted after less costly methods have failed.
For a woman to become pregnant ovulation and fertilization have to work perfectly, for some people attempting pregnancy might not work out as they intended due to infertility. Infertility can involve both or one of the partner’s generally one-third cases of infertility involve the males, one-third involve females, the remaining one- third involves both sexes.
Infertility in men
A number of reasons can cause low sperm count or sperm inability to move or fertilize the egg they include:
Abnormal production or function of sperm this can be because of repeated infections, undescended testicles and genetic defects.
Overexposure to chemicals like pesticides, a lot of exposure to heat in hot tubs and saunas causing the core body temperature to rise
Premature ejaculation and painful intercourse can cause sperm delivery problems
Chemotherapy and radiation when treating cancer can affect sperm production especially if the radiation is close to the testicles.
Other lifestyle and health issues like obesity, poor nutrition, and use of tobacco and drugs.
Female infertility causes include:
Uterine fibroids which form on the uterus wall when they block the fallopian tubes and thus interfering with the fertilized egg implantation.
Injury, tumors, starvation, medication and excessive exercise can cause ovulation disorders preventing the ovaries from releasing the egg
When a woman’s body produces too much of a hormone known as androgen that causes a condition known as polycystic ovary syndrome she experiences ovulation problems.
High levels of elevated prolactin this is the hormone that stimulates production of breast milk high levels of this hormone in none breastfeeding women can affect ovulation.
Others include early menopause, pelvic adhesion, fallopian tube blockage and endometriosis.
There are five steps to in vitro fertilization these are collecting the eggs, securing the sperms, combining the sperm and the eggs and transfer of the embryo into the uterus however they are additional techniques that take place without which IVF success rates would be very minimal. These are ovarian hyperstimulation for multiple egg production, transvaginal oocyte retrieval this is a process that involves retrieving the eggs directly from the ovaries using ultrasound.
Ovarian hyper stimulation
The woman takes fertility drugs that are prescribed by a qualified physician to increase the number of eggs collected and to control when the egg ripens, the importance of having multiple eggs is that while not all eggs will be fertilized the ones that will be fertilized will not all develop. The method used to retrieve the eggs in many cases is where the medication is injected into the woman then she is monitored to check the level of the hormone known as estradiol, after ten days of injection the woman is given a different injection known as the trigger shot to allow for ovulation which happens after 38 to 40hours, the actual egg retrieval starts between 34 -36 hours after the injection.
A technique known as transvaginal oocyte retrieval is used to retrieve the eggs from the patient, the vaginal wall is pierced using a needle that is ultrasound guided the needle then collects a fluid known as follicular fluid which is then taken to the laboratory for ova identification.
The identified eggs are then prepared for fertilization in the laboratory a selection method known as oocyte selection is then used to select the eggs with the best chances of being fertilized. The semen on the other is retrieved mainly by ejaculation is prepared by separating the sperms from the seminal fluid and inactive cells this is known as sperm washing. The egg and the sperm are then put in a fluid that is used to support growth of organisms known as culture media at a ratio of 75,000 sperms to 1 egg for 18 hours; a single sperm can also be injected into an egg in cases where probability of fertilization is low then left for 48 hours after which it will consist of 6 to 8 cells after this they are considered to be embryos.
Transfer of embryo to the womb
The transfer of the embryos into the patient’s uterus is done using a thin tube which goes in through the cervix and vagina. There are grading methods that have been developed by laboratories used to determine the quality of an embryo to optimize ivf success rates. Several embryos are put in the uterus so as to improve the chances of implantation and ultimately pregnancy, the transfer of the embryos happens 1 to 6 days after the egg is fertilized but in most cases it is done two to three days later. After the embryo has been implanted in the uterus the patient is advised to rest and look out for the early pregnancy symptoms after which an ultrasound and a blood test are done to determine whether the process was successful.
In vitro fertilization is dependent on factors that patients have no control over these factors include; competency of the IVF clinic, whether the patient is using donor eggs, reasons why one is infertile and the age of the patient other factors tobacco smoking and obesity.
Consider the risks of getting in vitro fertilization like ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome it is rare but can cause side effects like, nausea, lack of appetite and vomiting. Laparoscopy and egg retrieval can cause, infection, damage to the bowel, blood vessel and bladder. Less than 1 patient in every 1,000 may need surgery to collect damage caused by egg retrieval.
One of the most important factors that a person planning to get in vitro fertilization should consider is the clinic, clinics that have dealt with very few clients can show very high IVF success rates. As you check for their pregnancy rate be sure to note their birth rate. Some of the clinics may be using a higher number of embryos or turning away patients with lower chances of success.
Are you wondering how much does IVF cost? Before getting into the cost factor, let us first understand IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) and how it works.
Several women have questions such as “How to get pregnant?” after a long time of unsuccessful attempts. Infertility, which is defined as the inability to become pregnant after a year of unprotected sex is a problem faced by about 6.1 million Americans! As this problem is so common, there are lots of fertility treatments to deal with this issue. IVF is the most common of all the fertility treatments. It is the procedure of putting together a sperm and an egg in a lab.
How does IVF work?
The five elemental steps in this treatment are:
1. Keeping a check on the growth of eggs inside the ovaries: The doctors prescribe fertility medicines for the process known as Ovulation Induction. Several eggs are required as few eggs will not fertilize post-retrieval. The examining of the ovaries is done via ultrasound and the development of the egg is hence monitored. The hormone levels are kept in check with the help of blood and/or urine test samples.
2. Collection of the eggs: A minor surgical process is then conducted. The ultrasound imaging is used to penetrate a hallow needle into the pelvic cavity for the retrieving of the eggs from the woman’s body. Local anesthesia and sedation are required to avoid physical discomfort. This process is known as Follicular Aspiration. The after-effects of this procedure may include cramps, and mild nausea might continue for a few weeks thereafter.
3. Securing the sperm: The sperm, generally acquired by ejaculation is then made ready for putting together with the eggs.
4. Combining the sperm and the eggs in a lab and providing adequate environment for the fertilization and early growth of the embryo: This procedure is known as Insemination. The eggs and the sperm is combined and placed in the incubators. These incubators facilitate the fertilization of the eggs. In some situations, when there is a low possibility of fertilization, ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) could be used. In ICSI, one sperm is injected into the egg directly for fertilization to occur. The eggs are closely monitored to ensure that the fertilization is taking place. After the fertilization takes place, the eggs are called Embryos.
5. Transferring the fertilized embryo into the uterus: The embryo is now carefully placed in the uterus of a woman. Generally, the transferring of the eggs takes place within two or three days after retrieving the egg. Transferring of the embryo is done by inserting a speculum into the vagina. The embryos are gently put into the womb with the help of a catheter. This procedure is conducted using an ultrasound for guidance.
After this treatment has taken place, your doctor may ask you to get some tests done along with an ultrasound to know whether the implant has been successful and to know if you are pregnant.
You must by now have an idea about the In Vitro Fertilization treatment (IVF), let us discuss about the IVF Cost.
Do you have to bear the IVF cost on your own? If you have been told by your doctor that you need to undergo IVF treatment it is essential to know the expenses beforehand in order to plan the entire process and avoid complications later on. The IVF cost may vary, and depends on what treatments you require along with the basic IVF treatment. The price may also depend on where you want to get the treatment done and where are you located, as different fertility clinics have different price range. It is therefore wise to do some research and compare the IVF costs. Also try finding out whether the total cost is all inclusive or not.
However, the basic cost all over the USA is more or less, the same. The IVF cost in the USA can be anything from $10,000 to $15,000 for a single treatment, medicines included. If you have to undergo some additional ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) procedures, the cost would increase. For instance, you may require some of the below mentioned treatments:
- An additional $1000 may be needed to pay for the ICSI procedure (wherein a sperm is injected to an egg directly).
- Embryo freezing.
- The genetic testing of the embryo/PGD will cost up to $3000.
- If you need a donated sperm you may have to pay $200 to $3000 more.
- Embryo donation is the most inexpensive of all the donor options and is less costly than a regular IVF cycle. It may cost anything between $5000 and $7000. (If you choose to have an egg donor and a sperm donor, and have the embryo processed particularly for your cycle, it would turn out to be very expensive.)
Taking the help of Insurance Policy Covers:
It is very important to do your research and find out what is that your insurance policy covers; does it cover the entire IVF cost? Most of the insurance policies do not cover IVF treatments and the ones that do, may not cover the entire cost of the treatment. Speak to your insurance agent and inquire if there are any limits to the policy and what is not covered in your insurance. If your insurance does not pay for the entire treatment you have to undergo and covers only parts of it, do not worry. There are many other financing choices available. Nowadays, fertility clinics provide Multiple Payment Plans or EMIs and other financing options so as to make the IVF procedure easy and affordable to the couples.
When you compare the IVF cost of various fertility clinics, make sure you study their success rates as well, to help you select the best fertility clinic for your treatment. You also need to understand that there are many fertility clinics that provide this treatment at lesser rates but have a low success rate as well which will need you to undergo more cycles in order to get pregnant. Eventually, this will increase the total cost of your treatment, hence, proper research and consultation with your doctor about all the aspects involved, would be beneficial.
While the IVF processes may seem scary and complicated, knowing in advance what to expect can take a lot of the anxiety out of the procedure. Understanding how IVF works will also better prepare you to ask your doctor questions when you visit.
IVF processes must be initiated by a referral from a general practitioner, a consultant physician or a specialist. Ask for an open-ended referral to be sure that you have plenty of time to carry out the procedure. Be sure that your referral covers both partners, has contact information from the referring physician, is dated before the first day of the female’s menstrual cycle prior to treatment.
FSH for Her
After the referral is complete, the next step in the IVF processes involves meeting with a nurse who will instruct you on how to administer a follicle-stimulating hormone. These drugs are generally injected daily into the stomach for 2 weeks prior to ovulation. Injections begin right after your period is finished. These hormones stimulate the release of several eggs. Progress is monitored with ultrasound during this stage.
Eggs are retrieved in a short outpatient operation. Out of all of the IVF processes, this one may seem to be the scariest as a needle is inserted into the vaginal wall to suck the eggs out. It is hoped that many healthy eggs will be retrieved. Ten good eggs will give a good number with which to work.
Combining Egg and Sperm The sperm are introduced to the eggs and watched very carefully to check on their health and development. Only the healthiest embryos will be transplanted into the uterus.
Implantation is the final step of all the IVF processes. One or two of the embryos are transferred into the uterus.
Two weeks after the embryo transfer, doctors will ask you to take a pregnancy test. If the test is positive, a pregnancy scan will follow in two weeks. If the test is negative, you can go back to your doctor to discuss starting treatment again. Many couples give up after the first unsuccessful IVF treatment while others try over and over again.
Couples who opt for In Vitro Fertilization embark on a very emotional and sometimes exhausting journey. The highs and lows associated with IVF are common and accompany couples during all stages of the IVF process. One of the scariest and sometimes most stressful times during the process comes during egg retrieval and fertilization.
The HCG Shot
Prior to egg removal, usually 36 hours before, a shot of human chorionic gonadotropin hCG) is given to encourage the eggs to go through the last stage of development. The shot must be given at exactly the right time in order to be effective. If given too early the eggs will be immature and if given to late the eggs will not fertilize well. Ultrasound tests are used to assist in getting the timing just right. This part of the ivf process can be cancelled if ovulation has already taken place, as eggs are non-retrievable at this point. The shot will also be cancelled if not enough follicles have grown.
Retrieving the egg involves an anesthesiologist who gives the mother some medication intravenously for relaxation and to control pain. The doctor inserts a transvaginal as a guide while he pushes a needle to the back of the vaginal wall, and into the ovaries. The needle sucks the egg from the follicle. There is one egg per follicle. Anywhere between 8 and 15 eggs are commonly retrieved during this phase of the ivf process. There may be some spotting or cramping after the procedure but this does not last long.
All aspirated follicles are searched for eggs. Not every follicle will contain an egg. An embryologist investigates the eggs to be sure they are not too old. If they are too old, fertilization will not work. Eggs that have not yet reached full maturity may be stimulated in the lab. Semen provided the same day as the retrieval is used for fertilization. The semen is washed and the sperm is removed. Only the healthiest sperm are used. Around 10,000 sperm are placed in each dish with one egg. They are checked for fertilization within 12 to 24 hours. Generally, 70% of the eggs become fertilized. In some instances, it is necessary for the embryologist to inseminate the egg using sperm placed inside a small needle.
At this point in the IVF process couples wait for up to five days and then the eggs are implanted into the mother. The success of the IVF process is dependent on many factors, some not yet well understood. Anxious couples have nothing to do after implantation but be patient and optimistic that the procedure was a success.
Many couples that have tried to conceive naturally turn to IVF as a method of last resort. The IVF process is emotionally, physically and financially draining. Some couples experience depression when dealing with infertility, which makes the process very painful. The side effects associated with the fertility drugs can be very extreme and taxing on women. Knowing what to expect and understanding the risks involved in the ivf process is critical for any couple considering this procedure.
Common Side Effects
Many women who take fertility medicine necessary for the ivf process experience painful side effects such as abdominal pain, mood swings, headaches, and bloating. In addition, the IVF medicine that must be given daily for two weeks, can cause bruising and pain in the abdomen region.
For some women, the reaction to the fertility drugs is quite serious. Hyperstimulation Syndrome causes fluid to develop in the abdomen and chest. Abdominal pain, rapid weight gain, nausea, vomiting and shortness of breath are symptoms of this serious condition. Bed rest is recommended for mild cases however; some women require the fluid to be drained with a needle.
Egg Retrieval Risks
Some women have severe reactions to the anesthesia used during the egg retrieval phase of the ivf process. Bleeding, damage to internal structures around the ovaries such as the bowel and bladder and infection are known risks of egg retrieval.
Because more than one fertilized egg is implanted, there is always a risk of multiple births. Multiple births can be dangerous in that they often result in premature delivery and low birth weight.
Another risk of the ivf process, although not a physical one, has to do with the cost of the procedure. In some states insurance companies assist with the cost of ivf but in others they do not. Although the cost of the ivf process varies somewhat, the average cost is between $12,000 and $17,000. There is no money back guarantee if the process does not work.
Couples should take the time to familiarize themselves with all of the risks associated with the ivf process. Understanding these risks ahead of time will help keep there from being any surprises along the way.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) involves removing some eggs from a woman and fertilizing these eggs outside of the body in a test tube. Once fertilized, the embryo is put back into the mother’s body to continue to grow. There are several steps involved in the IVF process. Couples who undergo IVF are well educated as to these steps prior to embarking on this journey.
Step One – Fertility Test
The first step in the IVF process is the fertility assessment. Both the father and the mother must be tested. Doctors check the condition of the woman’s fallopian tubes to be sure they are functioning properly. Men must give a sperm sample that is analyzed for virility and mobility.
Step Two – Stimulating Hormone
Step two in the IVF process involved the administration of a follicle-stimulating drug. Women need to inject the drug each morning into their stomach region for two weeks prior to ovulation beginning right after their period. The follicle-stimulating hormone encourages the woman to release more than one egg. Ultrasounds monitor egg production during this time.
Step Three – Egg Retrieval
A surgeon will insert a needle into the vaginal wall and suck out the eggs. It is hoped that there will be many healthy eggs at this point. If the follicle-stimulating hormone has been successful, there should be at least ten eggs to harvest.
Step Four – Fertilization and Implantation
The healthiest eggs are fertilized in a lab Petri dish. Prior to implantation the doctor decides which, and how many, fertilized eggs will be implanted in the mother’s uterus. Only the eggs that look the healthiest will be used.
After the fertilized eggs are implanted it is just a waiting game to see how many embryos actually implant on the uterine wall and continue to grow. The mother is monitored closely during this time.
The IVF process is very emotional and, unfortunately, does not always work the first time. Many couples go through the process several times before they are successful. But, for those who are unable to conceive naturally, IVF offers hope, and the amazing possibility of having a child.